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Oyster mushroom

Pleurotus ostreatus

Project Description

The mushroom has a broad, fan or oyster-shaped cap spanning 5–25 cm; natural specimens range from white to gray or tan to dark-brown; the margin is inrolled when young, and is smooth and often somewhat lobed or wavy. The flesh is white, firm, and varies in thickness due to stipe arrangement. The gills of the mushroom are white to cream, and descend on the stalk if present. If so, the stipe is off-center with a lateral attachment to wood. The spore print of the mushroom is white to lilac-gray, and best viewed on dark background. The mushroom’s stipe is often absent. When present, it is short and thick. In the nature it can be found on stumps (mostly beech and chestnut ) and on deciduous trees in late autumn and winter, and from August to November . It is one of the more commonly sought wild mushrooms, though it can also be cultivated on straw and other media.
This is an edible mushroom , confusing it with poisonous mushrooms is impossible. Oyster is a delicious, edible mushroom and a great addition to your diet. As the mushroom boosts immunity , for centuries it was used by the Chinese, and by the end of the last century it began to be used in Europe. As far as the nutritional properties, oyster contains vitamins B1 and B2, minerals ( especially iron ), as well as antioxidants.The fats are mostly unsaturated, and their level is low and the quality of the proteins is almost equal to the animal protein.
It comprises a series of oyster vitamins : A, D, C, K, proteins, mineral – iodine, selenium, sodium, potassium, zinc, phosphorous, iron. In addition, it contains chlorophyll which accelerates the regeneration of cells. Because of these properties, oyster shows the effect in the fight against high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, infections and a weakened immune system. The Chinese have used it to relieve pain and relax muscles, stiffness in the limbs and sinews, for poor circulation.
The recommended daily dose is 3-9 grams of dried oyster during the day.

Project Details

  • Date December 14, 2013
  • Tags characteristics, composition

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